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Table 8-4:
Multilateral Sanctions Facilitated through International Organizations

From Chapter 8: When States Misbehave: Membership Suspension in International Organizations, by Heidi Hardt and Brent E. Sasley
In Accountability for Effectiveness in Global Governance
edited by John Kirton and Marina Larionova
available from Routledge, 2018


African Union

European Union

Organization of American States

Cold War Sanctions (1945-1990) 9 69 8
Post-Cold War (1991-2005) 2 99 3
Total (1945-2005) 11 168 11

Source: T. Cliff Morgan, Navin Bapat, Valentin Krustev et al. (2015), TIES Dataset 2014: Threat and Imposition of Sanctions (TIES) Data 4.0, University of North Carolina.

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